Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder that affects about 1% of the population. It is characterised by hallucinations, delusions, and disorganised speech and behaviour. People with schizophrenia may also experience difficulties in social relationships, self-care, and occupational functioning.
What is Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric disorder that causes the individual to have poor contact with reality and to experience abnormal behaviour. They may suffer from hallucinations, delusions, disorganised speech and thinking as well as lack of motivation and emotional expression. People suffering from schizophrenia often don’t perceive that their condition needs treatment and might refuse to take medications or attend therapy sessions which makes it very hard for them to adjust to society.
Biochemistry: Monoamine hypothesis points out that an imbalance in neurotransmitters like dopamine is one of the main schizophrenia causes. Neurotransmitters are chemical substances such as dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine which send messages between neurons (nerve cells) in the brain.
Symptoms of schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is commonly divided into three categories: positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms. Positive symptoms refer to the presence of abnormal behaviour which includes delusions, hallucinations, or disorganised speech while negative symptoms include things like social withdrawal, lack of motivation, and emotional expression. Cognitive functions such as attention and memory can also be affected by schizophrenia and may become very difficult for the patient to process information in a logical way.
Treatment for Schizophrenia
Antipsychotic medications are used in most cases but they may cause some serious side effects if they aren’t properly monitored by a doctor during treatment (elevated levels of prolactin hormone, extrapyramidal side effects). Medications work by limiting the dopamine activity in the brain. This helps to decrease hallucinations and delusions as well as relieve some of the other symptoms experienced during a schizophrenic episode.
How to cope with the disorder
The patient needs to be actively involved in their treatment if they hope to improve their condition and experience fewer episodes of psychosis or “losing touch with reality”. Many doctors recommend that people with schizophrenia should try to stay socially active, get involved in supportive activities like meditation or yoga which can also help them regain control over their emotions. Avoiding social isolation is crucial for good mental health so patients should strive not to withdraw from society even when they feel overwhelmed by it.
Support groups for people living with schizophrenia
One of the best ways for people with schizophrenia to feel more socially connected is by attending support groups which are usually offered in many cities. The patient can share their experiences and advice with other people who have schizophrenia or related conditions. Some examples of common supportive groups are peer-led organisations, 12-step programs, local self-help groups, and mental health user’s networks.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that disrupts normal brain activity. Schizophrenia causes hallucinations, delusions, and other symptoms including social withdrawal, attention difficulties, or trouble concentrating on tasks at hand. There are many treatments for schizophrenia but the most effective ones include antipsychotic medications which can reduce the severity of psychotic episodes in some people when used with therapy. The best way to prevent schizophrenia from developing is by making sure children have strong emotional support during difficult times such as bullying or being teased about physical attributes like weight or height. Parents should also be aware of any family history of psychiatric disorders so they can offer appropriate care early on if necessary.